Specializing in genre painting—a type of art that employs scenes of everyday life as its subject—Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer is renowned for his depictions of contemporary Delft, a city in Holland where the artist was born, lived, and died. The girl with the pearl earring Vermeer, Jan, called Vermeer van Delft 1632-1675. No one can agree. Indeed, we know very little about Vermeer. Her look is universal rather than specific. The pigment analysis revealed a palette consisting of natural ultramarine , lead white , yellow ochre , umber , green earth , vermilion , and madder lake . The book fashioned the painting’s subject into a housemaid named Griet who works in Vermeer’s home and becomes his paint mixer. Someone once told me that I look like the girl, and that must be why I wrote about the painting. Is she turning towards you or away from you? When Girl returned to the Netherlands in 2014, the Mauritshuis announced it would no longer lend out the painting, assuring visitors that the museum’s main attraction would always be in its home. Historians believe Vermeer painted the small piece (17.52 × 15.35 inches [44.5 × 39 cm]) around 1665, during the period in which he executed a group of paintings with a shared pearl motif. That curiosity was what led me to write a novel about the painting: I wanted to explore the mystery of her gaze. He lived his whole life in the Dutch town of Delft. The line of her nose blends into her check so we donât know if itâs wide, snub, or round. The girlâs expression is pleasingly ambiguous. Going by various names over the centuries, it became known by its present title towards the end of the 20th century after the large pearl earring worn by the girl portrayed there. Identifier : AKG155031 Artist : JAN It wasnât always so iconic, though. In considering the painting, there is an immediate beauty that draws us in, and a familiarity that satisfies us. Is she pushing us away or yearning to look at us? The first time I saw the painting â as a poster on my sisterâs wall when I was 19 â I was so mesmerized, I had to buy a copy for myself so that I could look at her all the time. We have no idea who these women are, though they are likely to be members of the family household. Girl with the Pearl Earring (c. 1665) by Johannes Vermeer is one of the most famous paintings in the world. Vermeer Paintings in Scale GIRL WITH A PEARL EARRING Vermeer's Painting Technique Vermeer Museums THE MILKMAID Vermeer Paintings in their Frames Vermeer's Women Hi-Res Images of Vermeer's Paintings Locations of Vermeer's Paintings Vermeer's Life & Art Interactive Timeline of 150 Prominent European Painters from 1200 to 1800 Vermeer Thefts & Forgeries Using modern imaging techniques to look at layers beneath the surface, researchers uncovered a green curtain behind the girl and confirmed that she has eyelashes, though they may be hard to discern. Jan Vermeer (Johannes Vermeer), Delft 1632 - 1675 Brieflesendes Mädchen am offenen Fenster / Girl Reading a Letter at an open Window (1657) Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden Acquired in 1724 by August III, elector of The work has been in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Haguesince 1902 and has been the subject of various literary treatments. Unlike the Mona Lisa, however, Girl with a Pearl Earring is not a portrait but a tronie, a Dutch term for a character or type of person. Johannes Vermeer, “Girl with a Pearl Earring,” ca. It is very beautiful, for one thing. Girl with a Pearl Earring, oil painting on canvas (c. 1665) by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer, one of his most well-known works. In 1999, American author Tracy Chevalier published Girl with a Pearl Earring, a novel directly inspired by one of Vermeer’s most famous works of the same name. It is not a portrait, but a ‘tronie’ – a painting of an imaginary figure. He was in debt several times. Now, two years later, the team unveils their new discoveries. Johannes Vermeer created Girl with a Pearl Earring in 1665 during the height of the Dutch Golden Age. An observant and deliberate painter, Vermeer produced only 36 known works in his lifetime, while many of his contemporaries completed hundreds. 1504) makes sense: both paintings share an air of mystery, from the model’s enigmatic gaze to the speculations surrounding the identities of the women in the paintings. May 19, 2020 - Vermeer is admired for his realistic style, his subtle use of color and light and his unusual and inventive brush technique, but fewer than forty of his paintings exist. The internet is brimming with images of the girl, either just as she is, or altered for our times: taking a selfie, styled into a manga comic character, riding on the back of a motorcycle (with Van Gogh as the driver). He occasionally signed his paintings. Tronies depict a certain type or character; in this case a girl in exotic dress, wearing an oriental turban and an improbably large pearl in her ear. What brings viewers back to it again and again? Her liquid eyes and half-opened mouth impart the immediacy of her presence, yet her purity and her evocative costume give her a … Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter born in Delft in 1632 and deceased in the same city in 1675. Girl with a Pearl Earring, oil painting on canvas (c. 1665) by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer, one of his most well-known works. Vermeer painted Girl with a Pearl Earring around 1665. The medium is oil on a canvas 44.5-cm high, and 39-cm wide. To me Girl with a Pearl Earring is neither a universal tronie, nor a portrait of a specific person. The work permanently resides in the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague. Omissions? Amazon配送商品ならVermeer: The Complete Worksが通常配送無料。更にAmazonならポイント還元本が多数。Schuetz, Karl, Taschen, Benedikt作品ほか、お急ぎ便対象商品は当日お届けも可能。 Author Tracy Chevalier on how her fascination with the work led to writing a book about it. With her face turned partially away, we canât really discern its shape. It is not a portrait, but a ‘tronie’ – a painting of an imaginary figure. See more ideas about girl with pearl earring, art parody, johannes vermeer. Turbans were a popular fashionable accessory in Europe as early as the 15th century. We donât know who the girl is or what sheâs thinking. Find more prominent pieces of genre painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Updates? This leads to the third and most powerful quality of the painting: its mystery. Unlike many of Vermeer’s subjects, she is not concentrating on a daily chore and unaware of her viewer. Even so, Girl with a Pearl Earring became one of Vermeer’s more famous pieces only around the turn of the 21st century, with the 1995 blockbuster exhibition at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the publication of the best-selling novel Girl with a Pearl Earring by Tracy Chevalier in 1999. Girl with a Pearl Earring is Vermeer’s most famous painting. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Girl-with-a-Pearl-Earring-by-Vermeer, Art Encyclopedia - Girl with a Pearl Earring. Find more prominent pieces of genre painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. We mistake this look for familiarity. Johannes Vermeer (in Dutch, [vərˈmeːr]; in English, / v ɜːr ˈ m ɛər / or / v ɜːr ˈ m ɪər / vur-MEER, see below; October 1632 – December 1675), original name Jan Vermeer van Delft, was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle class life. Beauty, familiarity, mystery. Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer (c. 1665) is the most beloved painting in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague, The Netherlands. The work attests to Vermeer’s technical expertise and interest in representing light. Before joining Encyclopædia Britannica in 2017, she worked at the... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. ヨハネス・フェルメール (1632–1675) 別名 Johannes van der Meer, Jan Vermeer, Jan Vermeer van Delft, Johannes Reyniersz. We may not know who she is, but we feel we know her because she is looking at us with such intimacy. Jan Vermeer who painted 'A Girl with a Pearl Earring' is one of the most renowned artists in the heyday of Netherlands during 17th century. It is … Vermeer’s subject is a generic young woman in exotic dress, a study in facial expression and costume. She wears a blue and gold turban, the titular pearl earring, and a gold jacket with a visible white collar beneath. Since being published, Chevalierâs novel has sold over five million copies worldwide, suggesting thereâs a shared curiosity about this particular Vermeer work. On the collectorâs death in 1902 it was donated to the Mauritshuis in The Hague, where it has hung ever since. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. We donât know whom Vermeer first painted it for in 1665-66, but it ended up in his patronâs collection, was then sold on by his son-in-law, and was lost until it resurfaced 200 years later, when a collector bought it for 2 guilders (a little less than $1), and discovered it was a Vermeer once it had been cleaned. Girl with a Pearl Earring is Vermeer’s most famous painting. Is she happy or sad? But in the end, it is the mystery that keeps us coming back to it again and again, looking for answers that we never find. Iâve seen many women online dressed up as her. But beauty is not enough to sustain the sort of attention Girl with a Pearl Earring receives. It depicts an imaginary young woman in exotic dress and a very large pearl earring. Its second seductive characteristic is that the girl looks familiar. Why is Johannes Vermeerâs Girl with a Pearl Earring such a popular painting? Sheâs looking at the painter with that curious wide-eyed gaze. Notable examples included Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window (c. 1657) and The Music Lesson (c. 1665). It drew crowds in each location, attesting to its now firm place in audience regard. Corrections? Girl with a Pearl Earring' by Jan Vermeer, c1665. The Girl was last examined during a 1994 restoration treatment, within the project Vermeer Illuminated. Jan 27, 2019 - Explore Pat Graves's board "Girl With a Pearl Earring", followed by 492 people on Pinterest. Researchers also tested Vermeer’s materials, mapping the sources of his pigments. Iâve been looking at this painting for over 30 years, and Iâm still not bored of it. She’s the subject of Dutch Master Johannes Vermeer’s "Girl with the Pearl Earring," a painting often referred to as the ‘Mona Lisa of the North.’ But what makes this painting so captivating? Oil on canvas, 44.5 × 39cm./(photo before the restoration in 1994). James Earle explains how this work represents the birth of a modern perspective on economics, politics, and love. The girl with the pearl earring,c. As Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring returns home to The Hague, Alastair Sooke delves into the story of the mysterious painting – and its enigmatic creator. Why this technical research? He was an art dealer as well as an artist â and thatâs about the extent of our knowledge, apart from his work. Historians credit the 19th-century French critic Étienne-Joseph-Théophile-Thoré (under the pseudonym of William Bürger) for reassessing the artist’s work, which eventually led to Vermeer’s distinguished reputation. This insertion of contemporary characters into Baroque paintings winks at Van Meegeren, who used his mistress as a model in a forgery that resembles Vermeer’s famous Girl … These are the qualities of Girl with a Pearl Earring that make it an iconic masterpiece. Girl with a Pearl Earring (Dutch: Meisje met de parel) is an oil painting by Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer, dated c. 1665. The work permanently resides in the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague. Alicja Zelazko is the Assistant Editor, Arts and Humanities, covering topics in the visual arts, architecture, music, and performance. It made me wonder what Vermeer did to her to make her look like that at him. Nicknamed the âMona Lisa of the North,â itâs beginning to rival Leonardo Da Vinciâs Mona Lisa masterpiece in terms of exposure. The striking blue and yellow of the girlâs headscarf, set against a black background, the glistening pearl created in a few swift strokes, the expert capturing of light and shade on her luminous skin, the liquid pools of her eyes: all add up to a work of sublime beauty. In fact the last Vermeer to be publicly sold â in 2004 â went for $30 million, and it is nowhere near as good as Girl with a Pearl Earring. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Dutch painter Jan Vermeer was no stranger to the kind of socially isolated world we now find ourselves in. Itâs been used on the cover of many art books, and you can now own the painting on cushions, coasters, T-shirts, bags, socks, suitcases, and more. Specifically, he is known for his his depictions of domestic interiors and portraits of women, like the figure featured in Girl with a Pearl Earring. In 1999, American author Tracy Chevalier published Girl with a Pearl Earring, a novel directly inspired by one of Vermeerâs most famous works of the same name. Johannes Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, c. 1665, oil on canvas, 44.5 x 39 cm (Mauritshuis, The Hague). Jan Vermeer, one of the greatest Dutch masters, is responsible for some of the most iconic imagery in the history of art, such as The Girl with a Pearl Earring (ca.1665), The Milkmaid (ca. And who is âus,â anyway? But why did I feel the need to see the painting so much? ‘Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window’ was created in 1657 by Johannes Vermeer in Baroque style. Now, of course, it is priceless; the Mauritshuis would never sell it. The Girl with a Pearl Earring, Jan Vermeer’s most famous painting, is often called the ‘Dutch Mona Lisa’.The comparison to Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa (ca. Set in 17th century Delft, Holland, Chevalier presents a fictional account of Vermeer, the girl in the painting and the artwork itself. Vermeer created 36 paintings that weâre aware of, many of them depicting women on their own, doing everyday things like pouring milk, writing letters, playing lutes. Iâve had readers tell me that their daughter or their friend or their neighbor resembles the girl. The Milkmaid (Dutch: De Melkmeid or Het Melkmeisje), sometimes called The Kitchen Maid, is an oil-on-canvas painting of a "milkmaid", in fact, a domestic kitchen maid, by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer. As the Mauritshuis building underwent renovation in 2012, Girl with the Pearl Earring traveled to Japan, Italy, and the United States. It is a portrait of a relationship. A girl asleep - by Johannes Vermeer A lady seated at a virginal - by Johannes Vermeer A lady writing a letter - by Johannes Vermeer A young woman seated at the virginals - by Johannes Vermeer Allegory of faith - by Johannes life. The painting is like a song that ends on the second-to-last chord: we are drawn to look at it again in the hope that this time the last chord will be played, the painting will resolve itself, the mystery will dissipate, and we can leave the girl alone at last. Girl with a Pearl Earring represents a young woman in a dark shallow space, an intimate setting that draws the viewer’s attention exclusively on her. I had been studying the painting for years when one day it dawned on me: of course sheâs not looking at me like that â I wasnât there! His artworks are a rarity, with only around 36 known paintings attributed to him. â Discover the hidden details in Vermeerâs most famous worksâÂ A look at Vermeerâs relevance in pop culture, Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring hanging at the Mauritshuis (From the collection of Mauritshuis), Girl with a Pearl Earring y Johannes Vermeer (From the collection of Mauritshuis, digitized by Madpixel), Model in Frances Denney mimicking Vermeer's Girl, Vogue (From the collection of CondÃ© Nast Archive), Interior of a 17th Century Style conteporary room with reproduction of Vermeer's Girl, Vogue (From the collection of CondÃ© Nast Archive), Discover the hidden details in Vermeerâs most famous works, A look at Vermeerâs relevance in pop culture. Some of his masterpieces appear in … 『真珠の耳飾りの少女』（しんじゅのみみかざりのしょうじょ、蘭: Het meisje met de parel, 英: Girl with a Pearl Earring ）は、オランダの画家 ヨハネス・フェルメール（Johannes Vermeer）の絵画であり、彼の代表作の一つ。『青いターバンの少女』  ・『ターバンを巻いた少女』とも呼ばれ、オランダ … He married a Catholic woman and probably converted, he lived at his mother-in-lawâs, and had 11 children. While Girl with a Pearl Earring bears “IVMeer,” it is undated. Although now a highly regarded artist, Vermeer was not well known outside of his native city of Delft during his lifetime or in the decades after. Banksy even turned her into graffiti on a Bristol wall, with a security alarm in place of her earring. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Her enigmatic expression coupled with the mystery of her identity has led some to compare her to the equivocal subject in Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa (c. 1503–19). Here the writer talks about why sheâs been fascinated with Girl with a Pearl Earring since she was 19 and how that turned into inspiration for the book. Vermeer, ‘Girl with a Red Hat’ is one of the two Vermeer’s paintings not painted on canvas but on a wooden panel and is his smallest but one of his most beloved works. The girl's headdress has an exotic effect. The painting is one of the best-known examples from the Baroque art period and is of the Realism genre. However, we donât really know what she looks like â not even the basics like hair or eye color. Johannes Vermeer was the master of light. A young woman might have sat for Vermeer, but the painting is not meant to portray her or any specific individual in the same way that Leonardo’s piece portrayed an existing person (likely Lisa Gherardini, the wife of a Florentine merchant). He painted the Girl with a Pearl Earring around 1665 (scholarly estimations range between the years 1665 and 1667). Why? Instead, caught in a fleeting moment, she turns her head over her shoulder, meeting the viewer’s gaze with her eyes wide and lips parted as if about to speak. It depicts an imaginary young woman in exotic dress and a very large pearl earring. In Girl with a Pearl Earring, one of Vermeer's most engaging images, a young girl dressed in an exotic turban turns and gazes at the viewer. The soft modeling of the subject’s face reveals his mastery of using light rather than line to create form, while the reflection on her lips and on the earring show his concern for representing the effect of light on different surfaces. Like his peers, he mostly depicted scenes of ordinary life, later called “genre” painting, often of women at daily tasks. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1660) and The Art of Painting (1665-1668). This means we donât know what the relationship is between the girl wearing the pearl earring and the painter. Johannes Vermeer: Girl with a Pearl Earring In fact, the painting is not actually a portrait of a particular person, but what the Dutch called a tronie â the head of an ideal âtype,â like âa soldierâ or âa musicianâ â or, in this case, âa young beauty.â. He also used a red pigment derived from an insect living in Mexico and South America for the woman’s lips. The museum later embarked on a two-year investigation of the artwork, publishing the findings in 2020. Johannes Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, c. 1665, Mauritshuis, The Hague, Netherlands. I think there are three qualities that make Girl with a Pearl Earring so seductive. 1665. I have had that poster up everywhere Iâve lived since. Johannes Vermeer’s Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window was not alone.Experts are currently uncovering an image of a large cupid that was hanging on … In 2006, the Dutch public selected it as the most beautiful paintin… It was adapted into an Oscar-nominated film in 2003 starring Scarlett Johansson as the fictional Griet and Colin Firth as Vermeer. 1665 (Photo: Mauritshuits via Wiki Art Public Domain) The image has given rise to many literary and poetic interpretations, with much speculation over the identity of the girl and the reasons for her unusual dress. They discovered that he liberally used the costly ultramarine, a pigment derived from the semiprecious stone lapis lazuli, found only in what is now Afghanistan, for the headscarf. Two years ago, an international team of scientists from various museums and institutions examined Vermeer's masterpiece in full public view. It is now in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, which regards it as "unquestionably one of the museum's finest attractions".
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