Corona y arqueología en el Siglo de las Luces, Patrimonio Nacional, 2010, pp. 144. Pylades definition, a son of Strophius who befriended Orestes, accompanied him in his wanderings, and eventually married Electra, sister of Orestes. So befragte Orestes acht Jahre nach der Bluttat das Orakel von Delphi, das ihm zur Rache riet. This painting’s story is based on a play by the classical author Euripides. The Other’s Gaze. El Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura, El taller europeo. The Chorus of Argive Maidens quietly enters. Actas congreso internacional 20-21 Oct.2011, 2014, pp. It remained in the National Gallery until 1929, when it was transferred to the Tate Gallery. 447. This work shows Orestes and Pylades, legendary models of friendship, offering a sacrifice after having returned to Tauris with the image of Artemis (the statuette on the right). Following the Cardinal’s death, the piece became a part of the collections of Christine of Sweden. This act purified Orestes, freeing him from his divine punishment. Museo Nacional del Prado, La Guía del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. Orestes Fasting and Pylades Drunk. By 1802 West had reacquired the picture, selling it once more, this time to the influential collector Sir George Beaumont. Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura, Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1908, pp. “Orestes” is a late tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides, first presented in 408 BCE.It continues the story of Orestes after the events of Euripides’ play “Electra”, as he seeks to free himself from the torment of the Furies after the murder of his mother, and to obtain acquittal from the earthly courts for his deeds. Ricard, Robert, Marbres Antiques du Musee du Prado a Madrid, Feret & Fils, Burdeos, 1923, pp. Azcue Brea, Leticia, El origen de las colecciones de escultura del Museo del Prado. If he should refuse, he would suffer horrible diseases and exile from every human community. Madrid Orestes Fasting and Pylades Drunk. 7 quotes have been tagged as orestes: Anne Carson, Euripides: ‘Pylades: I’ll take care of you.Orestes: It’s rotten work.Pylades: Not to me. Monday to Saturday from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Sundays and holidays from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sundays and holidays from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. The two semi-naked men have been arrested for trying to steal a gold statue of the goddess Diana from the temple. Orestes and Pylades Disputing at the Altar, Pieter Lastman, 1614 oil on panel, h 83.2cm × w 126.1cm More details. One of them will have to die. Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la Escultura, por A. Blanco, Madrid, 1957, pp. In 1826 Beaumont presented it to the National Gallery, making it the first picture by West to enter a public art gallery. Strophios erzog ihn zusammen mit seinem Sohn Pylades und so wurden die beiden sehr gute Freunde. It then entered the collection of the first Bourbon king of Spain, Felipe V (1683-1746). His uncles on his mother's side were Agamemnon and Menelaus, protagonists of the Trojan War. However, in 1766, the year of its exhibition, Alexander Geddes (1737–1802) purchased the picture from West for one hundred guineas, although by 1776 it belonged to the engraver and dealer Gerard Vandergucht (1696–1776), in whose posthumous sale it appeared the following year. Pylades later became the husband of Orestes… 193-202. But, according to the common account, Orestes fled from land to land, pursued by the Erinyes of his mother. El Cuaderno de Ajello y las esculturas del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. As he leaves, Orestes calls him a coward. Does this text contain inaccurate information or language that you feel we should improve or change? 30-41. Their story is the purest of friendships with no existing evidence of how they relate to one another as separate persons rather than Pylades, the younger of the two, being Orestes … In Greek mythology, Pylades is the son of King Strophius of Phocis and of Anaxibia, who is the daughter of Atreus and sister of Agamemnon and Menelaus. Actas congreso internacional 20-21 Oct.2011, 2014, pp. I Encuentro europeo de museos con colecciones de escultura, Bulletin du Musée hongrois des beaux-arts, El legado de Johann Joachim Winckelmann en España. / Alto 5 pies, 8 pulg. In composing Pylades and Orestes West was heavily influenced by the neo-classical history paintings of Gavin Hamilton (1723–98) and Anton Raphael Mengs (1728–79), whom he had known during his studies in Italy between 1760 and 1763. According to Sir George Beaumont (1753–1827), who presented the present picture to the National Gallery in 1826, the young American artist, Benjamin West, painted Pylades and Orestes ‘immediately on his arrival in England’, presumably in 1763, when he arrived from Italy (National Gallery, p.56). 1239-1241. Inscriptions. Electra, meanwhile, can be heard sobbing within the house. Pierguidi, Stefano, Monnot, Livio Odescalchi e il gladiatore dei Musei Capitolini, Bollettino dei Musei Comunali di Roma, XXVIII, 2014, pp. G. Navarro, C.; Perdices, A., La mirada del otro: escenarios para la diferencia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2017, pp. All rights reserved, The itinerary TITULORECORRIDO has been successfully created. Heroes. Núm. They ask Electra questions about Orestes’ health. 34-46,85-93. Pylades and Orestes Brought as Victims before Iphigenia, Cleombrotus Ordered into Banishment by Leonidas II, King of Sparta, Sketch for ‘The Installation of the Order of the Garter’, Andromache Offering Sacrifice to Hector’s Shade, A View of London Bridge before the Late Alterations, IV. 528. 174. In his version, Orestes, his sister Electra, and his cousin and friend Pylades are condemned to death by … Museo Nacional del Prado, Enciclopedia del Museo del Prado, IV, T.F. But here Iphigenia recognises the man in the red drapery as her long-lost brother, Orestes. Intercambios, influjos y préstamos en escultura moderna europea. Occasionally, he sobs or groans in fear. Pylades and Orestes Brought as Victims before Iphigenia 1766 Benjamin West.jpg 512 × 401; 22 KB Pylades orestes.jpg 595 × 454; 42 KB Orestes and Pylades 5-Oct-2020.jpg 692 × 1,004; 495 KB Pylades is Orestes ’s close friend. The earliest reference to this group dates from 1623 at the Villa Ludovisi in Rome, where it belonged to Cardinal Massimi. In time Orestes 2inherited his father's throne, and became the ruler of a wide territory including Mycenae, Argos, Messenia, the greater part of Arcadia, and Sparta. 73. Elektra bat Orestes, die Ermordung ihres Vaters zu rächen. Before Iphigenia, and separating her from the two men, is a low altar upon which the two men are to be sacrificed for their act of sacrilege. Rupprecht Goette, H. Nagy, A.M, Zum schlachrsarkofag im Museum der Bildenden Künste, Budapest - Nachantike überarbeitingen antiker sarkophage, Bulletin du Musée hongrois des beaux-arts, 118, 2013, pp. He also looked for inspiration to the frescoes of Raphael (1483–1520) and classical relief sculpture, notably the Orestes Sarcophagus in the Villa Ridolfi, Rome, drawings from which he used to form the pose of his own figure of Orestes. Euripides set the play in a world where courts of law already exist. 73-108. Standing at Agamemnon's grave with Electra and the chorus, Orestes describes how Apollo sent an oracle commanding him to return home to avenge his father's death. standing on the left: Orestes and his friend Pylades. When Orestes fled his home due to his mother Clytemnestra 's affair with Aegisthus, he found refuge at the court of Phocis, … Other authors identified these statues as the brothers Castor and Pollux. A creation of Augustan classicism, this group of sculptures is a superb reflection of that period’s eclecticism. They are arguing about which of them should sacrifice himself for the other. Editores: Fundación Amigos, Madrid, 2006, pp. "He didn't change a single line," Alan replied. This work shows Orestes and Pylades, legendary models of friendship, offering a sacrifice after having returned to Tauris with the image of Artemis (the statuette on the right). In modern times, the Roman portrait of Antinuous was added to the left torso. El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso: retrato y escena del rey, Patrimonio Nacional; El Viso, Madrid, 2000, pp. The Lure of Classical Sculpture 1500-1900, Yale University Press, Londres, 1982, pp. Pylades accompanies Orestes to Mycenae with the old slave and, at the end of the play, he helps kill Clytemnestra and perhaps Aegisthus as well. ‘Noble and Patriotic’. Pylades personifies loyalty in Electra, but he never speaks a word throughout the play. Orestes and Pylades were bywords for faithful and life-long love in Greek culture. 213. Overjoyed by their reunion, Iphigenia saves Orestes and Pylades and helps them obtain the statue. Orestes ends his speech with a prayer to the gods and to his father's house. Figure group of 'Pylades and Orestes', hard-paste biscuit porcelain, modelled by C. G. Jüchtzer, about 1789-90, made by Meissen porcelain factory, Germany, ca. 40-88. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser, TITULOOBRA added to TITULORECORRIDO itinerary, Orestes and Pylades or The San Ildefonso Group, Fundación Marcelino Botín; Museo del Prado, El taller europeo. In the passage depicted by West, Iphigenia, a priestess of Diana, stands in judgement before the semi-naked figures of her brother Orestes (in the red drapery) and his cousin and companion, Pylades, who are brought before her, bound, by the shepherd (centre) who had previously reported their capture. Alvarez Cabanas, A., Roger Van Der Weyden en el Museo del Prado, Imp.Helenica, Madrid, 1996, pp. Herrero Sanz, Mª J., El grupo de S. Ildefonso o la ofrenda de Orestes y Pílades: de Roma a Madrid, Reales Sitios, XLVII, 2010, pp. Intercambios, influjos y préstamos en escultura moderna europea. Pylades (griechisch Πυλάδης) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Sohn des Königs Strophios von Phokis und der Anaxibia, der Schwester des Agamemnon (die auch als Kydragora oder Astyoche bezeichnet wird).. Er ist der treue Gefährte und Freund des jungen Orestes, der mit ihm zusammen aufwuchs.Später heiratet er dessen Schwester Elektra und hat mit ihr die Söhne Medon und Strophius. Cardinal Camillo Massimo and his antiquarian and artisctic circle: Giovanni Pietro Bellori,Claude Lorrain,Nicolas Poussin, Diego Velázquez., P.Holberton-C.Estd.Europa Hispánica, Londres Madrid, 2010, pp. Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format. Orestes and Pylades (left) were caught trying to steal a statue of Diana from the temple (left background). It was first shown at the annual exhibition of the Society of Artists, London, in 1766, with its companion the Continence of Scipio (Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum). Beyond, at the entrance of the temple, is the gold statue of Diana that Orestes had been commanded by the oracle at Delphi to take back to Athens in reparation for the murder of his mother Clytemnestra, and which he had been attempting to seize when arrested. Rügler, Axel, 'Die Ildefonso gruppe in Winckelmanns monumenti antichi inediti' En:, El legado de Johann Joachim Winckelmann en España. See more. Orestes is the hero of the Oresteia cycle. Real Museo, Escultura, 1857. Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1993, pp. Spaces of difference Orestes was the only son of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra.He was the grandson of (paternally) Atreus and Aerope and (maternally) Tyndareus and Leda.Thus he inherited both the kingdoms of Mycenae and Sparta.He was also the last member of his family to be affected by the curse placed upon his family. / Alto 5 pies, 8 pulg. The composition of this picture was heavily influenced by the artist’s studies in Italy. 91-94 [75-99]. Tormo y Monzó, Elías, Homenaje Español a la Memoria de Emil Hubner, El Fundador de la Moderna Arqueologia Hispanica., Imprenta y Editorial Maestre, Madrid, 1948, pp. Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. In The Libation Bearers, dem zweiten Stück von Aischylos 'Trilogie The Oresteia, spricht Pylades nur einmal. Museo Nacional del Prado, El Museo del Prado: la colección de escultura, artes decorativas y dibujos, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009. 61. Orestes also threatened Menelaus to kill his daughter Hermione; but by the intervention of Apollo, the dispute was allayed, and Orestes betrothed himself to Hermione, and Pylades to Electra. Pylades and Orestes Brought as Victims before Iphigenia, West, Benjamin, 1766, Oil paint on canvas. The Beaumont Gift 1828, exhibition catalogue, National Gallery, London 1988, p.56, no.13, reproduced in colour. We would like to hear from you. 1790 Production Note Attribution from the manuscript catalogue dates from about 1970 and was compiled … 35 n.1. Left of the palace door is a couch upon which sleeps Orestes. Orestes, play by Euripides, performed in 408 bce, that retells the story of the aftermath of Orestes’ matricide. A messenger then comes to Electra to tell her that they have been found guilty and are to be executed. West’s narrative is taken from the third act of a play by the classical author Euripides (480–406 BC) entitled Iphigenia in Tauris. Tel +34 91 330 2800. 528. According to Homer, Orestes was away when his father returned from Troy to meet his death at the hands of Aegisthus, his wife’s lover. Hubner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, Berlín, 1862, pp. 41-43, n.28. Other authors identified these statues as the brothers Castor and Pollux. Rache der Ermordung Agamemnons. Apparently it was greatly admired in West’s studio, even before it was exhibited, although of the many wealthy collectors who came to inspect it, none offered to buy it. Orestes, in Greek mythology, son of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae (or Argos), and his wife, Clytemnestra. Haskell, F. Penny, N, Taste and the Antique. Schmitz, Brigitte, 'Abbild leibild-die Ildefonso-Gruppe in der deutschen kunst' En:, El legado de Johann Joachim Winckelmann en España. They have been brought before Iphigenia, a priestess of Diana, to be sacrificed on the altar. 267-273 . His sister, Elektra sits by his side, comforting him and fixing the cloak that covers him. Search within the 73897 Museum website results. 206-208. Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish. Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la Escultura, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981. 44. This passage comes at the end of Orestes's explanation for why he has returned again to Argos. He particularly admired the sculptural friezes on classical tombs and the Renaissance frescoes of Raphael. On reaching manhood, Orestes avenged his father by killing Further reading Madrid. One of them must be sacrificed on the altar. | Tate Images. Orestes and Pylades appeared on motorcycles, Menelaus was a general, Tyndareus a southern politician, and Helen - well, Helen was a common whore. The Hero’s Father Blesses his Marriage, Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND (3.0 Unported). ELECTRA is discovered alone. 28014. Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Inv. Orestes was pursued by the Furies for committing matricide. Chapter XXIII. Schröder, S. y Elvira Barba, M.A., ''Eutichio Ajello (1711-1793) y su descripción de la célebre Real Galería de San Idelfonso'', Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXIV, 2006, pp. Helmut von Erffa and Allen Staley, The Paintings of Benjamin West, New Haven and London 1986, pp.260–1, no.186 His sleep is very disturbed and obviously nightmarish and he often tosses and turns, in violent fits. This painting depicts a story from Greek antiquity. Pylades then enters, who vows to share whatever fate is handed to Orestes, and the two of them decide to go to the vote to try and put across their side of the story. 14.06.2017 - 10.09.2017. In composing Pylades and Orestes West was heavily influenced by the neo-classical history paintings of Gavin Hamilton (1723–98) and Anton Raphael Mengs (1728–79), whom he had known during his studies in Italy between 1760 and 1763. Pylades was the son of the King of Phocis and grew up with Orestes who had been exiled to the court to protect him from the vengeance of Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. West also revealed later that ‘his mind was full of Correggio’ when painting the present work, at least with respect to the colour of the figures’ flesh (quoted in von Erffa and Staley, p.261). Actas congreso internacional 20-21 Oct.2011. 53-60 . Beaven, Lisa, An ardent patron. 30. Find more prominent pieces of mythological painting at Wikiart.org – … Calle Ruiz de Alarcón 23. Während Pylades ein sehr kleiner Charakter zu sein scheint, ist er wohl das wichtigste Stück von Orestes 'Plan, seinen Vater zu rächen. The son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, Orestes is the crown prince of Argos, but has been banished from his homeland for many years, ever since his mother killed his father with the help of her lover, Aegisthus.Although a noble, pious man (and even gentle and loving in his interactions with his sister Electra), Orestes is obsessed with the idea of vengeance. Image released under Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND (3.0 Unported). The San Ildefonso Group was discovered in Rome in 1623 and arrived at the palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso one hundred years later. ‘Pylades and Orestes Brought as Victims before Iphigenia’ was created in 1766 by Benjamin West in Neoclassicism style. 367-374. Un grupo de marmol de Carrara que representa a Castor y Polux. 455. I Encuentro europeo de museos con colecciones de escultura, 2012, pp. He is mostly known for his friendship with his cousin Orestes, son of Agamemnon. Museo Nacional del Prado. This act purified Orestes, freeing him from his divine punishment.
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